LNEC: National Laboratory for Civil Engineering
Bus: 717, 731, 750, 783
Metro Lisboa: Alvalade station (green line)
The Cultural Landscapes Conference aims to discuss and widen the cultural landscapes approach with its diverse elements such as climate crisis adaptation and mitigation, biodiversity conservation and empowerment of rural livelihoods. The conference will showcase the results of the AMNC’s work as well as serve as a key occasion for learning from each other and developing synergies and collaborations for the future of conservation of cultural landscapes in the Mediterranean via engagement with practitioners, conservationists, researchers, policymakers and the private sector.
The event will contribute to demonstrating and promoting:
- The knowledge about the links between cultural practices, biodiversity and climate crisis and how these links support human wellbeing;
- The approaches which ensure economic and financial sustainability of cultural practice-based economies;
- The advocacy work that enables policy changes in favour of cultural practices and cultural landscapes;
- The governance systems for participatory cultural landscapes management;
- The approaches which strengthen local capacities for improved and sustainable management practices;
while offering a space for exchanging ideas and experiences, learning from each other and co-initiating new ideas, actions, and collaborations for the future of conservation of cultural landscapes in the Mediterranean.
The event will be a milestone for the Alliance for Mediterranean Nature and Culture, marking the transition to a new period, with different dynamics and goals, as the MAVA Foundation comes to a close. The celebration will showcase the AMNC’s regional work and impact and also provide opportunities to initiate new partnerships in the Mediterranean.
We aim to scale up the cultural landscapes approach and the outcomes of our work, ensuring the Alliance’s value as an effective and durable regional actor for cultural landscapes. Our hope is to make the cultural landscapes approach more visible and recognised by relevant stakeholders at regional and international levels, nature conservation organisations, academia, donor organisations and the private sector. This event will accordingly address the possibility of building strategic alliances at regional and international levels to this end.
Culture is a combination of sets of practices, networks of institutions and systems of knowledge and beliefs including spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features. As it is based upon the ways in which people imagine, build on and transform the world around them, it is a web of evolving and shifting patterns that links not just individuals with each other but also with their environment. There is a widespread recognition that a mutual feedback exists between culture and the environment, with shifts in one leading to changes in the other. Thus, cultural evolution of humans is based on the constant action and interaction of natural and human factors and is led by means of practices, knowledge, institutions, and values developed and created by humans, while interacting with the environments they live in.
In that context, cultural landscapes refer to the landscapes in which human activities are key agents in the evolution of the environment. Conceptually it moves beyond the human–nature dichotomy, based on a recognition that humans are integral components of ecosystems and human history is essentially connected with the cultivation of nature, of the physical environment, which has historically shaped and engendered present-day landscapes. This relation can also be found in the root of the word ‘culture’ in Latin, which is cultum, referring to lands and cultivated plants.1
We understand cultural landscapes as a term that embraces the diversity of tangible and intangible manifestations of the interaction between humankind and its environment.
On the other hand, cultural practices are shared perceptions of how people routinely behave in a culture and so are the customary, habitual, or expected procedures or ways of acting, performing, producing, and doing something. They reflect and are built on knowledge, beliefs, and institutions of a society for periods often spanning generations. In our understanding, this definition includes but is not limited to production systems such as traditional agriculture, pastoralism, traditional forestry, harvesting of edible plants and traditional management of salinas and fishery.
Our conference in this context will host several plenary sessions, exhibitions and screenings disseminating the links between cultural landscapes, sustainability and social well-being, as well as exchange sessions inviting participants to explore new collaborations, synergies and actions for conservation of cultural landscapes in the Mediterranean region.
1 Ana Luengo, World Heritage Agriculture landscapes, World Heritage No. 69
Local stands and exhibitions
Open Air Cinema
Community-based conservation for biodiversity and climate action:
Connecting cultural practices with nature conservation
Sustainable communities and societies:
Establishing sustainable, nature-positive agri-food systems with community-led governance
Beneficiary focused work:
Collaborating with local communities for their socio-economic well-being and rights-insurance
Economic sustainability of cultural landscapes:
Funding schemes and on-site income generation
Scaling up partnerships:
From strategic priorities to international fieldwork cooperation
KEY IDEAS TO BE EXPLORED
Role of cultural landscapes in supporting biodiversity and climate action
Cultural landscapes embrace the diversity of interactions between humankind and our environment. The term refers to landscapes where human activities are key agents in the evolution of the environment and evolves from a perspective where such practices are focal points for biodiversity and climate action.
Humans as integral components of ecosystems
The cultural landscapes approach moves beyond the human–nature dichotomy, based on a recognition that humans are integral components of ecosystems and human history is essentially connected with the cultivation of nature and the physical environment, which has historically shaped and engendered present-day landscapes.
Conservation of cultural practices and the protection of nature
There are still many traditional cultural practices, such as mobile pastoralism, traditional forestry and fishery etc. practised by local communities all over the world which contribute to the ecological integrity and diversity of cultural landscapes and the ecosystem services they provide to people. This is particularly valid for the Mediterranean region with its long history of habitation.
- Luis Costa, MAVA
- Paule Gros, MAVA
- Gonzalo Oviedo, MAVA
- Marko Pecarevic, AMNC
- Claudia Pedra, StoneSoup
- Eduardo Santos, ANP – WWF Portugal
- Sandra Wigger, EuroNatur
- Engin Yılmaz, Yolda Initiative
- Burcu Ateş, Yolda Initiative
- Raquel Coelho, ANP – WWF Portugal
- Tasnim Elboute, GDF
- Rita Rodrigues, ANP – WWF Portugal
- Fayçal Lahrouchi, GDF
- Simran Rawat, GDF
- Ayça Orhon, Yolda Initiative
- Miro Osório, Yolda Initiative
- Maria Viola, ANP – WWF Portugal