Mobile Pastoralism and the World Heritage Convention
By Roads Less Travelled
The following paper is a report for Roads Less Travelled, a global partnership of DiversEarth, Yolda Initiative and Trashumancia y Naturaleza, which makes the case for mobile pastoralism (transhumance, nomadic and semi-nomadic pastoralism) at a global scale, through new research, support to pastoral communities, and through creative celebration of their knowledge and ways of life. This paper contributes to a stream of work by Roads Less Travelled on mobile pastoralists and protected areas.
The paper is a scoping study; part of a multiyear project looking at mobile pastoralism and conservation. It is not attempting to be comprehensive or offer a detailed analysis of the situation in the various case studies described, nor at this stage to provide concrete suggestions for ways forward. Rather, it is using World Heritage sites as a vehicle to identify some of the key issues regarding the inter-relationship between mobile pastoralists and conservation objectives, along with some tentative next steps.
The paper aims to:
- Introduce concepts of mobile pastoralism and its interaction with conservation
- Discuss the role of World Heritage and the Advisory Bodies
- List key World Heritage sites where mobile pastoralism occurs
- Provide some brief case studies of mobile pastoralism within individual World Heritage sites
- Draw some very preliminary conclusions, recommendations and suggestions for next steps